When you hear the word starch, what do you think of? Pasta, bread, white rice? Weight gain? Blood sugar spikes?
Starch has gotten a bad rap, and in some instances for good reason. The starch in processed carbs breaks down into glucose and does spike blood sugar and contributes to diseases like diabetes and obesity.
But just like not all carbs are created equal, not all starch is created equal.
Resistant starch is starch that acts like soluble fiber in that it isn't digested in the small intestine by you (it is resistant to digestion, hence the name).
Instead, it's digested by the bacteria in your large intestine which produce beneficial byproducts like SCFA's that give you a host of health benefits:
Because of the way it's processed in the body, it doesn't spike your blood sugar and actually helps to balance your blood sugar and improve insulin sensitivity.
What foods have the highest amounts of resistant starch?
Oats (cooked, then cooled), brown rice (cooked, then cooled), beans and legumes (which should be soaked and cooked a bit longer to remove lectins), potato starch (you only need 1-2 tbsp per day and you don't want to heat it), potatoes (cooked and cooled), and green bananas.
Why do you need to cook and cool your food? Because of a process called retrogradation. Basically when you heat certain starches they lose their original structure, and upon cooling, form a new structure that becomes resistant to digestion.
A note about increasing resistant starches in your diet:
You want to start slow. Increasing your resistant starch intake can cause gas because it can feed both good and bad bugs in your gut.
Slowly increase your consumption over time, and then as the good bugs strengthen and grow, they'll begin to outnumber the bad bugs and the digestive discomfort should subside.
If you continue to have issues with digesting resistant starches, it may be a sign you have sibo (small intestine bacterial overgrowth), and need to follow a sibo protocol to kill off the bad bugs before your gut is ready for more resistant starch.
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